Like boules on the beach or a game of skittles, it’ll take you no time to figure out the basic rules of the game.
Bowls is played on a square of grass called a green, which is divided into lanes called rinks. Players take turns to deliver their bowls from a mat at one end of the rink towards a small white target ball, often referred to as the ’jack’, situated near the other end. The bowls are shaped so that they take a curved path towards the jack, known as the bias.
The aim of the game is to get your bowls closest to the jack. One point is given for each bowl nearer the jack than the nearest bowl of your opponent. For example, if you or your team has three bowls closer to the jack than your opponent’s nearest bowl then you will score three for that end.
Each game is split into individual ends. After playing all the bowls in one direction and agreeing the score, the next end is played back down the rink in the opposite direction. The winner of the previous end will cast the jack.
There are different formats of the game. You can play singles or as part of a team, and a match can vary in lengths. The winner can either be the one who has scored the most shots after a specified number of ends or the first to reach a designated score.
The Basic Technique
The sport of bowls takes a minute to learn, but a lifetime to master. The action required to deliver a bowl is based on a fairly natural physical movement and your first shot could be every bit as good as a world champion’s.
Every bowler’s delivery is slightly different but you can’t go too far wrong, and no-one’s going to laugh at you whilst you’re getting the hang of it. Once you have got the basic delivery sussed, you’ll be hooked on getting consistently close to the jack. Here’s a basic guide to help beginners get started. If you have a physical disability, you may need to adopt a different approach.
The Position on the mat and Stance
Before delivery you should stand on the mat. Face forward with your feet pointing towards the jack, but to one side of it depending which way you are planning to curve the bowl. The bowl should feel comfortable in your favoured hand and be placed outside the hip to enable an unimpeded backswing. You should be looking where you’re aiming.
Most players combine a forward stride with their backswing. On completion of your backswing, then swing your arm forwards whilst bending your knees so, at the moment of release, the hand holding the bowl is almost touching the ground. This helps the bowl roll smoothly. At the moment of delivery, make sure one of your feet is is on the mat. Simple as that!
Oh yes, the bias is the slightly tricky bit! The bias is the shape of the bowl that makes it turn. To make it easy, bowls have a large disc one side and a small disc on the other. The bowl curves towards the side with the smaller disc. So, if you are a right hander holding the bowl with the small disc on the side nearest their thumb, the bowl will curve from left to right so you need to aim to the left of the jack.
- Ditch | The gully around the green. If a bowl ends up in the ditch and it is not a ‘toucher’ then it doesn’t count.
- Draw | A bowl delivered at the correct weight, and with correct line, to arrive exactly where you want.
- End | The sequence of play from the moment the mat is placed down until all bowls have been delivered and you know who has won. A bit like a game in tennis!
- Foot fault | If you don’t deliver the bowl with part of your foot on or above the mat.
- Forehand | When (for the right-handed player) the bowl is delivered so that the curve of the bowl is from the right to left.
- Green | The total playing area. There are usually 6 rinks on each green.
- Jack | The little round target ball to which you’re trying to get your bowls closest.
- Mat | The rectangular shaped mat from which the bowler must deliver the jack and/or bowl.
- Pace of Weight | The amount of force with which the bowl is delivered to execute a particular shot.
- Rink | The rectangular strip of the green, between 4 and 6 metres wide, on which the game takes place.
- Stance | Position adopted on the mat prior to delivery.
- Shot | The bowl that is nearest the jack at any stage of play.
- Toucher | A bowl that hits the jack during its original course. This bowl still counts even if it ends up in the ditch.
By kind permission of Bowls England